History of Sudan

Political History of Ethnic Movements in Sudan

April 2nd, 2017

The paper covers the emergence and development of ethnic movements in post-independence Sudan which tremendously affected political stability in the country. The study focused on internal and external factors that contributed to the formation and development of these movements, including cultural...

Sudan’s History 1985-1989

April 2nd, 2017

The most significant event that took place during that period was the April 1985 popular uprising which succeeded in overthrowing the autocratic May regime. During the Numeri era the political, economic and social conditions deteriorated and masses of people suffered from shortages of basic services

The Political Role of El-Jazira Aba in Sudan Modern History

September 14th, 2017

This study is a documentation about El-Jazira Aba) El-Jazira Aba in the past, present and future; the political role it played in Sudan modern history; its appearance into prominence on Sudan map; its geographical location, in addition to the social fabric of the island residents.

The most important battles of the Mahadist

September 20th, 2017

The Mahdi's revolution occurred in 1881 against the Turkish – Egyptian rule in Sudan . this revolution had nothing to do other than engaging in continuous battles to get foothold then ousting the ruling groups from Sudan.

Foreign Relations of Mahdia (1881-1898 AD)

September 24th, 2017

Since the outbreak of the Mahdist Revolution in 1881 AD we found that it had sought to extend its control over the territories of Sudan, having achieved that, the Imam Mahdi sent letters to the Queen of England, the Khedive of Egypt,

The Baqt Treaty :( pros and cons)

September 24th, 2017

Due to the controversy over the treaty raised recently, the Baqt agreement is considered one of the most important issues pertaining to the history of Arabs and Nubia in the middle ages. Several Arab historians and writers addressed the topic, but the Baqt treaty indeed needs a thorough review...

The Social Activity of the Jewish Community in Sudan

September 27th, 2017

Kush, by which the land of Sudan was known, was mentioned in the Old Testament three times at least: one time in a casual reference to the name of one of Ham, the son of Noah, sons.

Reinvasion of the Sudan and the Condominium Anglo-Egyptian Rule 1898 - 1956

September 28th, 2017

This paper deals with the Anglo - Egyptian reinvasion of Sudan 1896 - 1898, and its reasons. The paper discusses the Condominium Agreement signed in January 1899 and how it gave Britain the upper hand in the administration of the Sudan. The paper shows the political,

Sudan's foreign relations in the period from 1956 to 1958

October 17th, 2017

This study aims to shed light on Sudan's foreign relations in the period from 1956 to 1958. The problem of the study is that Sudan and with the effort of his sons succeeded in building a sophisticated and distinct foreign relations.

U'thmān Digna’s Military Leadership Genius

April 2nd, 2018

Osman Abu Bakr Digna was born in a harsh environment in the City of Suaken about 1840, that is, he is older than Imam Mahdi by four years. His paternal lineage descends from the famous Dignawi Family, and his maternal lineage descends from Bishariab – a sub-branch of Hadandwa

The Relations of the Kingdom of Meroe with the Romans and their Impact on the Meroetic...

April 9th, 2018

The purpose of this paper is to study the history of the relations of Meroe Kingdom with the Romans or the Roman Egypt. The relations between Meroe and the Romans were through Egypt, where Egypt was the gateway to Africa on the Mediterranean.

Sudanese Resistance Movements against Foreign Occupation (1822 - 1924)

April 9th, 2018

The period in which Sudan was governed by the Turkish-Egyptian rule (1820-1885), and the years in which Sudan was governed by the The Condominium rule since 1899, focusing on highlighting the history of Sudanese struggle against The Condominium rule until the outbreak of the 1924 revolution. This...

Some Examples of Funj Scholars

April 9th, 2018

The aim of this study is to document some scholars and Sheikhs of the Islamic Kingdom of Funj in Sudan, 1504-1821, by focusing on specific models according to the importance of the scholars and the role they played in the history of the Funj.

The one & the same origin of the civilization of Sudan, Egypt & Libya

April 9th, 2018

There are many common grounds in the history of the three countries that can easily be remarked. Many researchers & scholars referred this resemblance to the neighborhood & interaction in modern history or perhaps to the process of (human) movement which dominated as a result of trade in the middle...

Senga Man

April 10th, 2018

Senga Skull was discovered in 1924 during the Condominium rule of Sudan by the governor of North Funj province in the city of Senga Mr. Bond near his residence on the Blue Nile coast (Map No. 1). At the time, an upper part of a fossilized skull was discovered and was termed in the scientific...

The Rise of Islamic kingdoms in Sudan

April 10th, 2018

This paper traces the emergence of Islamic kingdoms in Sudan between the sixteenth and nineteenth century A.D as a subject. The study documents the circumstances of the inception and development of these kingdoms in Sudan.

The Nubian Economy during the Period of the Christian Kingdoms

April 10th, 2018

Since the dawn of its history, Nubia has been an important point in the history of the human communication of all countries of Africa and the European world in general, through the strategic location of Nubia.

Examples of the Kings of Fung 1504 - 1821

April 11th, 2018

The history of the Funj is diverse and full of events worthy of detailed study and research. There are kings who deserve fuller documentation and biographies regarding their deeds and the great works they had done.

Meroe Kingdom

April 11th, 2018

The study deal with the Kingdom of Meroe in local and foreign sources, focusing on the origin of the Kingdom, the economic activities practiced and its most important cultural, economic and social aspects, focusing on religion, art and irrigated personality. As well as the Kingdom relations with...

National Reconciliation in Sudan

April 15th, 2018

The NationalReconciliationrefers to the consensus reached by all the oppositionparties of the National Front with the regime of May revolution under the leadership of Gaa'farNimairi as a result of the meeting between the leader of The National Front Sayidal îādiqal Mahdi and the president of the...

Performance and Artistic Dimensions of Remembrance in the Sudan Sheikh Hamad al-Nil's...

April 15th, 2018

The sun of Sufism rose in the era of the Funj Kingdom in the Sudan. The pioneers of sufists started their activity and advancement until they reached the Sudan. They found a viable environment in a Muslim society, which has not yet rid itself of ancient traditions, beliefs and rites.

Death Ceremonies

April 15th, 2018

This Paper includes detailed description of the whole ceremonies practiced by the Donglese Nubian society in North Sudan linked with the death of one of its individuals.

The Late Prehistoric Monuments in Sudan

April 16th, 2018

the late prehistoric period in Sudan to complement what was described in the first paper on the monuments of the prehistoric period in Sudan.

Sudan in the Ottoman Archives

April 16th, 2018

The Ottoman archives office, which is affiliated to the Cabinet Premiere in Istanbul, is considered one of the most important record offices worldwide, due to the most important records contained therein. It is observed that such records cover various aspects, such as the political, economic,...

A Historical Profile on the Islamic Duf’far Kingdom

April 22nd, 2018

The Duf’far is considered to be one of the Islamic ancient kingdoms which was established by Albidaireya Aldah’masheya where they made it their capital to spread learning and establish justice among people, establishing institutions to enable people memorize the Holy Quran in the territory of the...

The Relation of the kingdom of Meroe with the Ptolemies

April 22nd, 2018

The history of the relations between ancient Egyptians and the Kingdom of Kush dates back to early times of the Egyptian civilization; Kush appeared for the first time in the Middle Egyptian state.